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Matronen- und andere Götter(bei)namen auf -genae/-es bzw. -chenae, -henae und -enae

Patrizia de Bernado Stempel


Pages 121 - 152



Zusammenfassung: After rewieving the fate of Celtic personal names compounded with -genos/-gena ‘born’ (§ 1.1), the article identifies the same structure in the Celto-Roman divine names DUAGENA (§ 2.1) with its plural DUAHENAE (§ 2.3) and, with change to a different declension, DIGENES/DIGINES (§ 2.2). Given that the rendering of a lenited Celtic [γ] by means of ch or h is not unparalleled (§ 1.2), the Author proposes the same type of originally Celtic wordformation to be at the root not only of the pseudo-gentilice Ialehenius from Lechenich (§ 1.3), but also of the many mother-goddesses epithets and epicleseis ending in -chenae or/and -henae (Sections 3-8). Such divine names, mainly attested in the two German provinces, form four subgroups according to the nature of their determinant and to their probable relative chronology: several river names (Section 4), a couple of religious entities (Section 5) and settlement names (Section 6), some names of settlement groups (Section 7) to which the morpheme -genae was attached like a (pseudo) suffix rather than like a composition element.

Abstract: After rewieving the fate of Celtic personal names compounded with -genos/-gena ‘born’ (§ 1.1), the article identifies the same structure in the Celto-Roman divine names DUAGENA (§ 2.1) with its plural DUAHENAE (§ 2.3) and, with change to a different declension, DIGENES/DIGINES (§ 2.2). Given that the rendering of a lenited Celtic [γ] by means of ch or h is not unparalleled (§ 1.2), the Author proposes the same type of originally Celtic wordformation to be at the root not only of the pseudo-gentilice Ialehenius from Lechenich (§ 1.3), but also of the many mother-goddesses epithets and epicleseis ending in -chenae or/and -henae (Sections 3-8). Such divine names, mainly attested in the two German provinces, form four subgroups according to the nature of their determinant and to their probable relative chronology: several river names (Section 4), a couple of religious entities (Section 5) and settlement names (Section 6), some names of settlement groups (Section 7) to which the morpheme -genae was attached like a (pseudo) suffix rather than like a composition element

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